Bertha von Suttner (born June 09, 1843 – died June 21, 1914) was an Austrian-Bohemian Pacifist and Novelist from Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire. She is best known as the first woman who won the Nobel Peace Prize for her work.
In 1905, Suttner even became the second female Nobel laureate after Marie Curie (Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist). Bertha started her career after she published the novel “Erdenträume im Monde”.
It also appeared in Die Deutsche Frau. Later, in 1873, she found a job as a tutor. She started to teach and became a companion to the 4 daughters of Karl von Suttner. Bertha even worked as a secretary and housekeeper to Alfred Nobel in Paris briefly.
While working for the Austrian press, she worked on her early novels including in Es Löwos. Her first notable political work was “Inventarium einer Seele” (Inventory of the Soul). It came out in Leipzig in 1883.
In 1889, Suttner released her pacifist novel, Die Waffen Nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms!). Then, she became a leading personality in the peace movement with the publication.
She also organized the German Peace Society the next year and became its chairwoman. In 1905, Bertha von Suttner became the first female to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Early Life, Financial Struggles & Parents
The novelist took birth to her parents in 1843 in Prague, the Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire (Bertha von Suttner aged 71 years old, as of 1914). She was born on the 9th of June and her zodiac sign is Gemini.
The pacifist’s father “Franz de Paula Josef Graf Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau” and mother “Sophie Wilhelmine von Körner” remained the Austrian Lieutenant general. As per the source, Sophie was fifty years junior to her spouse.
Furthermore, Franz was also a member of the Czech House of Kinsky via descent from Vilém Kinský. Bertha’s maternal grandfather “Joseph von Körner,” worked as a cavalry officer.
Throughout her childhood, she faced numerous financial problems as her dad didn’t inherit any monetary resources. Bertha von’s mom moved to Brno in order to live there soon after her birth. She also lost a huge amount of money while gambling at Wiesbaden in 1856.
On the other hand, she had an older brother Arthur who was sent to attend the military school at the age of 6. Arthur had very little contact with the rest of the family throughout his life.
As of education, the novelist studied at home from her uncle who worked as a private tutor. Suttner achieved proficiency in Italian, French, and English as an adolescent. Later, she even became an amateur pianist and singer.
Wedding Affairs, Spouse & Children
Bertha first received a marriage proposal from Prince Philipp Zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg in Vienna. The novelist forced to move to Vienna after her mother lost money and pushed to poverty.
However, Suttner refused Prince’s offer as she was very young at that time. Due to her financial problems, the Nobel Peace Winner shortly engaged to her ex-fiancé “Gustav Heine von Geldern”.
He was a journalist who was 31-years senior to her. Bertha broke the engagement after he tried to kiss her forcefully. In addition, her next engagement was with “Prince Adolf Zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein” which took place in the summer of 1872.
Unfortunately, the same year in October, he died at sea while traveling to America to escape his debts. Then, she fell in a love with her then-boyfriend, Arthur Gundaccar von Suttner.
He was the elder son of Karl von Suttner where Bertha used to teach. Arthur was seven years junior to the novelist. The couple tied the knot with each other secretly in the church of St. Aegyd in Gumpendorf in 1850. The newlywed pair then eloped to Mingrelia in western Georgia.
|Real Full Birth Name||Bertha Felicitas Sophie Freifrau von Suttner.|
|Profession||Pacifist and Novelist.|
|Famous for||being the first woman who won Nobel Peace Prize.|
|Age (How old, as of 1914)||71 years old.|
|Date of Birth||June 09, 1843.|
|Sun Sign (Zodiac Sign)||Gemini.|
|Birthplace||Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire.|
|Date of Death||June 21, 1914.|
|Death place||Vienna, Austria-Hungary.|
|Burial||Hauptfriedhof Gotha, Landkreis Gotha, Thüringen, Germany.|
|Sexuality (Gay or Lesbian)||Straight.|
|Ethnicity||White Caucasian Descent.|
|First Published Work||Erdenträume im Monde.|
|Novels||1. Es Löwos.
2. Inventarium einer Seele.
3. Die Waffen Nieder!
4. Memoirs: the records of an eventful life.
5. Ground Arms! the Story of a Life.
6. When Thoughts Will Soar: A Romance of the Immediate Future.
7. Disarm! Disarm! Adapted from the German Romance.
8. The Barbarization of the Sky.
9. Memoirs of Bertha Von Suttner: The Records of an Eventful Life, Volume II - Scholar's Choice Edition.
10. Ground Arms! Die Waffen Nieder! a Romance of European War.
11. Internacia Krestomatio Maxim Gorky.
|Height||Feet & Inches: 5' 3".
Centimeters: 162 cm.
Meters: 1.62 m.
|Weight||Kilograms: 64 Kg.
Pounds: 136 lbs.
|Body Measurements (Breast-waist-hips)||38-32-40.|
|Shoe Size (UK)||6.|
|Parents||Father: Franz de Paula Josef Graf Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau.
Mother: Sophie Wilhelmine von Körner.
Sister: Not Known.
|Personal Life Relationship|
|Marital Status||Widow (at the time of her death).|
|Dating History?||1. Gustav Heine von Geldern (engaged).
2. Prince Adolf zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein (engaged)
|Husband/Spouse Name||Arthur Gundaccar von Suttner (m. 1850 - until his death on 10 December 1902).|
|School||She studied from her uncle.|
|Hobbies & Favorite Things|
|Favorite Novelist||Charles Dickens|
|Favorite Poet||William Shakespeare.|
|Favorite Color||Olive green.|
|Love to do||Reading, Theatre Play & Artwork.|
|Favorite Food||Austrian Cuisine.|
|Net worth (approx.)||$500K US dollars.|
|Source of Income||Teaching, Editing, Translating, Writing, and much more.|
Some Lesser Known Facts about Bertha von Suttner
- On June 21, 1914, Bertha von Suttner passed away at the age of 71 due to cancer.
- Her real full birth name was Bertha Felicitas Sophie Freifrau von Suttner.
- Furthermore, the novelist was baptized at the Church of Our Lady of the Snows. It was not a common choice for society back then.
- In 1855, Suttner’s aunt Loffe and cousin Elvira joined her mother and started to live together.
- Moreover, the family returned to Wiesbaden in 1859 but remained unsuccessful in order to make money.
- They had to relocate to a small property in Klosterneuburg.
- How tall: Bertha von Suttner stood an average height of 5 ft 3 in and her weight was around 136 lbs.
- After her first engagement broke, she began a career as an opera singer so that she could make some cash.
- In her successful profession, Bertha became a correspondent of Michael Georg Conrad.
- Moreover, her best novel “Die Waffen Nieder!” published in 37 editions and translated into 12 languages.